The Immigration Act of also known as the Literacy Act and less often as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act was a United States Act that aimed to restrict immigration by imposing literacy tests on immigrants, creating new categories of inadmissible persons, and barring immigration from the Asia-Pacific zone. The most sweeping immigration act the United States had passed until that time, it followed the Chinese Exclusion Act of in marking a turn toward nativism. The act governed immigration policy until it was amended by the Immigration Act of ; both acts were revised by the Immigration and Nationality Act of Various groups, including the Immigration Restriction League had supported literacy as a prerequisite for immigration from its formation in
Asian Immigration to the United States Essay
Milestones: – - Office of the Historian
Learn about immigration through five short lessons delivered to your inbox every other day. Sign up now! There were a record This represents a more than fourfold increase since , when 9. For facts on Latinos in the United States, see our profile on U. Click the categories below to see charts and data.
Facts on U.S. immigrants, 2018
It functioned as both an immigration and deportation facility, at which some , Chinese and about 60, Japanese immigrants were detained under oppressive conditions, generally from two weeks to six months, before being allowed to enter the United States. Unlike Ellis Island , where Europeans were subject to restrictions that precluded entrance for some but not most immigrants, the Angel Island Immigration Station employed discriminatory policies that were used to prevent Asians from immigrating. This approach was an outgrowth and implementation of the Chinese Exclusion Act of , which had resulted from years of racial hostility by white Americans against immigrant Chinese labourers. Passengers arriving in San Francisco were screened aboard ship and separated by nationality.
The United States has long been considered a nation of immigrants. Attitudes toward new immigrants by those who came before have vacillated between welcoming and exclusionary over the years. Thousands of years before Europeans began crossing the vast Atlantic by ship and settling en masse, the first immigrants arrived in North America and the land that would later become the United States. They were Native American ancestors who crossed a narrow spit of land connecting Asia to North America some 20, years ago, during the last Ice Age.