Tokyo was once a tiny fishing village called Edo. The city owes its rapid expansion to the fact that, in , Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu wanted to found the country's capital at a place that was as far away as possible from the imperial seat in Kyoto. Edo soon grew to become a magnificent city. Anyone passing beneath the Great Gate of the new capital entered a glamorous world of pleasure and recreation. In Yoshiwara, the door-to-door bordellos covered an area easily equivalent to nine football pitches.