Fibroadenosis or fibrocystic disease was previously known by many other terms such as mammary dysplasia, chronic cystic mastitis or hyperplastic cystic disease. The plethora of names for this condition reflects controversy over its aetiology and confusion over the lack of correlation between its clinical findings and its pathological features. Women with fibroadenosis generally complain of breast pain mastalgia or a lump in the breast. At surgery instead of a definite lump, an indurated area is often found. The typical microscopic features of such a biopsy fibrosis, adenosis, epitheliosis and cyst formation are commonly found in normal women at autopsy. Hence, some pathologists have questioned whether fibroadenosis can be called a disease.
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Fibrocystic breasts are painful, lumpy breasts. Formerly called fibrocystic breast disease, this common condition is, in fact, not a disease. Many women experience these normal breast changes, usually around their period. Fibrocystic breast changes occur when thickening of breast tissue fibrosis and fluid-filled cysts develop in one or both breasts. It is thought that hormones made in the ovaries during menstruation can trigger these breast changes. This may make your breasts feel swollen, lumpy, or painful before or during your period each month.
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Fibrocystic disease of the breast , also called chronic cystic mastitis , or cystic disease of the breast , noncancerous cysts harmless swellings caused by fluid trapped in breast tissues that often increase in size and become tender during the premenstrual phase of the menstrual cycle. This condition occurs most often in women between the ages of 30 and 50 years. Aside from discomfort, the chief problem posed by the disease is that it makes the detection of other abnormalities more difficult. Nevertheless, women with the disease are three times more likely to develop breast cancer as they age than are women without the disease. Fibrocystic disease may be monitored by routine breast self-examinations and through regular check-ups by a physician.
Fibrocystic breast changes lead to the development of fluid-filled round or oval sacs cysts and more prominent scar-like fibrous tissue, which can make breasts feel tender, lumpy or ropy. Fibrocystic breasts are composed of tissue that feels lumpy or rope-like in texture. Doctors call this nodular or glandular breast tissue. It's not at all uncommon to have fibrocystic breasts. More than half of women experience fibrocystic breast changes at some point in their lives.